ARCATA >> The Crabs made sure Lou Bonomini’s 100th birthday bash was a grand old time.On the day that their founder would have hit triple digits, the Crabs once again showed why they’re starting to truly hit their midsummer stride. Three different Humboldt hitters — James Outman, Jacob Thurber and Brian Pozos — all hit grand slams within a three-inning deluge of runs to back starting pitcher Ryan Sullivan in the Crabs’ 16-0 win over the Walnut Creek Crawdads on Sunday afternoon.With the way …
The Oakland A’s organization is one of MLB’s transaction hubs, of sorts. Flip on any other baseball game and chances are a former Athletic is sitting in one of the two dugouts.This will certainly be the case in this year’s World Series between the Washington Nationals and division rival Houston Astros. Many of both teams’ key cogs once donned green and gold; conversely, the players for which the A’s flipped these World Series-bound names could be bricks to the foundation of Oakland’s next …
Some scientists came up with an idea that simple green plants may have invaded the land earlier than thought, and that this might have helped speed up the rise of animals in the Cambrian explosion. “The plants were only tiny mosses and liverworts, but they would have had a profound effect on the planet,” said New Scientist. “They turned the hitherto barren Earth green, created the first soils and pumped oxygen into the atmosphere, laying the foundations for animals to evolve in the Cambrian explosion that started 542 million years ago.” Science Daily piped in, saying that the scientists “believe they have found the trigger for the Cambrian explosion.” The scientists are Paul Knauth (Arizona State) and Martin Kennedy (UC Riverside). In their paper in Nature,1 they did not even mention the Cambrian explosion or the evolution of animals at all. Here was the only cryptic reference to it:The contrasting isotope data between 850 Myr ago and the Neoproterozoic suggest that the terrestrial expansion of photosynthesizing communities preceded the significant climate perturbations of the late Precambrian glaciations, and was followed by a rise of O2 (ref. 26) and a secular change in terrestrial sediment composition. The onset of significant biotically enhanced terrestrial weathering would have increased the flux of lithophile nutrient elements and clay minerals to continental margins. This would have increased production and burial preservation of organic C towards modern values and consequently facilitated the stepwise rise in atmospheric O2 necessary to support multicellularity. The terrestrial expansion of an extensive, simple land biota indicated by the isotope data may thus have been a critical step in the transition from the Precambrian to the Phanerozoic world.Their claim that plants colonized the land earlier than thought was based entirely on isotope data in limestones – not on any fossils of plants. In the same issue of Nature,2 Eric Hand understood that this is a controversial claim. At first he gave them the benefit of the doubt: “A thick, green carpet of photosynthetic life, on the scale of that seen today, exploded across Earth 850 million years ago – much earlier than thought – a new study suggests.” So for one thing, he not only failed to offer a solution for the Cambrian explosion of animals, he added a second explosion of plants. That seems another hurdle for Darwinian theory. He also attributed to Knauth and Kennedy the conclusion that “The greening of ancient Earth could thus be indirectly responsible for the sudden evolution, beginning about 600 million years ago, of larger respirating animals with oxygen-hungry cells,” but then he acknowledged that the evidence is only indirect. Hand reminded his readers that other studies contradict the rise of land plants so early. “The study contradicts other work that looks to the oceans, rather than land, to justify the same isotopic data.” The claim also flies in the face of the popular “Snowball Earth” scenario that postulates glaciers in the tropics the same time Knauth and Kennedy say plants were invading the land. He lists other problems: (1) “there isn’t much evidence for widespread plant life until around 400 million years ago, and (2) “to have the effect on the carbonate record that they see, the ancient photosynthetic life would have needed to be operating on the scale that it is today – a worldwide carpeting of green.” Where is the evidence for that? Such a carpet should have left its trace in the fossil record – “something for posterity,” Hand put it. A paleobiologist said it would have been unavoidable for plants to leave their traces in the rocks. Despite these problems, the popular press gave prominence to the impression that Knauth and Kennedy had solved the problem of the Cambrian explosion. Science Daily said that the greening of the land “virtually set the table for the later explosion of life through the development of early soil that sequestered carbon, led to the build up of oxygen and allowed higher life forms to evolve.” In this “brave new world” of free oxygen, Knauth “explained” that “Early animals would have loved breathing it as they expanded throughout the ocean of this new world.” New Scientist pointed to a couple of problems that put a “fly in the ointment” of their idea, but still gave it good press: “They turned the hitherto barren Earth green, created the first soils and pumped oxygen into the atmosphere, laying the foundations for animals to evolve in the Cambrian explosion that started 542 million years ago.” Science Daily made a couple of comments that historians of science and philosophers of science might want to analyze: “A key element to this scenario is not so much what the researchers saw in the data, but what was missing.” (This refers to a gap in the plots of limestone isotope data that Knauth and Kennedy interpreted as meaningful to the timing of the arrival of land plants.) The article also quoted Knauth saying, “Our work presents a simple, alternative view of the thousands of carbon isotope measurements that had been taken as evidence of geochemical catastrophes in the ocean.” What must the scientists who took those measurements be thinking of this re-interpretation? 1. L. Paul Knauth and Martin J. Kennedy, “The late Precambrian greening of the Earth,” Nature advance online publication 8 July 2009 | doi:10.1038/nature08213; Received 20 June 2008; Accepted 18 June 2009; Published online 8 July 2009.2. Eric Hand, “When Earth greened over,” Nature, 460, 161 (2009), doi:10.1038/460161a, July 8, 2009.Knauth said, “The isotopes are screaming that this happened in the Neoproterozoic.” That’s not what they are screaming. They are screaming, “Stop lying about us!” Good grief, this “virtually set the table for the later explosion of life,” they said. What kind of goofball story is this? They have portrayed Lady Luck as a waitress, calling, “Here, chance! Here, randomness! Eat some raw carbon and oxygen and turn into a trilobite!” Are you outraged by this shameful misrepresentation of what the paper actually said (and what the evidence showed) compared to what the popular media reported? Two Darwin-drunk scientists took some indirect data, based on gaps, that ran in the face of thousands of measurements by others, and stretched it through a long series of mights, maybes and perhapses into a scenario about when green plants first colonized the land, all based on an incestuous relationship between evolutionary theory and evolutionary geology, which they then cooked up and served as a foundation for explaining the Cambrian explosion. Outrageous. The story goes completely beyond any stretch of evidence. But look what the Darwin-drunk media said about it: these two guys “found the trigger” of the Cambrian explosion and discovered what “laid the foundation” for the sudden emergence of complex animals, as if finding some bricks on the ground explains the emergence of a skyscraper. Here is your tax money at work. This storytelling circus was funded by NASA and the National Science Foundation. The reporters at New Scientist and Science Daily just swallowed whole what these two scientists said, without any sniffing or tasting first to see if it was wholesome or not. Then they regurgitated what the self-serving Arizona State press release put out to honor their own, and added some cloves and ginger on top to make the green barf look appealing. How come Darwinists themselves don’t recognize this as despicable crud? Why do the Darwin-drunk media get away with it? For the same reason that corrupt, lying, self-promoting, politicians stay in power, pushing the same policies that history has repeatedly shown are doomed to failure. We let them.(Visited 31 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The exquisite landscape of Franschhoekdraws visitors from far and wide to thesmall wine town. South Africa is renowned for producingsome of the world’s best wines, which hasalso been a contributing factor to thegrowing wine tourism. Stellenbosch remains a firm favourite spotfor wine tourists with its many wine estatesopen to the public.(Images: MediaClubSouthAfrica.com. Formore images, visit the image library.)Khanyi MagubaneFind out more about using MediaClubSouthAfrica.com materialWine connoisseurs from across South Africa will gather in Cape Town in July 2009 to discuss opportunities for wine tourism in the run up to the 2010 Fifa World Cup.The Wine Tourism Conference, taking place on 21 and– 22 July, will explore ways in which the wine industry can improve its current offering as a destination for the anticipated thousands of tourists expected to descend on South Africa’s shores next year.The programme will have one major main objective: to improve the levels of hospitality within the South African wine tourism industry.Delegates expected to attend this the conference include winery owners and managers, wine route managers, tour operators, destination marketing professionals and PR professionals, hoteliers, restaurateurs, hospitality professionals, and a global contingent of wine and tourism media,The conference will be held under the theme, “Share. Innovate. Inspire” and will provide showcase those attending with the latest trends and best practices locally and internationally within the wine industry.Invited speakers and panellists who’ve been invited to the conference to share their wealth of experience at the conference include Alan Pick, founder and proprietor of the internationally renowned Butcher Shop & Grill, Itumeleng Pooe, executive manager at of Cape Town Routes Unlimited; Ken Forrester from Ken Forrester Wines; Robin Shaw, Director of Tourism & and Business Services: Winemakers’ Federation of Australia; Kevin Arnold who will be representing Waterford and Jennifer Seif, CEO of Fair Trade Tourism.Clarence Johnson, executive mayor of the Cape Winelands District Municipality, will present the opening address in his capacity as the chairperson of the Great Wine Capitals Global Network (GWCGN).Tackling industry issuesDelegates are expected to tackle a number of pressing issues and share valuable industry knowledge over the course of the event. Topics such as South Africa’s new liquor law and the possible implications for the local wine tourism industry will be discussed and debated.During the two-day event, delegates will tackle issues of importance to the industry.These will include interactive panel discussions, on topics including new liquor law and its implications for the local wine tourism industry.Other interesting discussion on the agenda are, the relevance of wine festivals, the industry’s e-marketing in wine efforts, meeting the needs of wine aficionado tourists and the expectations, experiences and results of Germany’s wine industry , during the Fifa 2006 World Cup – lessons learnt by the German wine tourism industry, meeting the wine tourists’ expectations, and other topics will be discussed during the symposium.Another hot topic, the Western Cape’s lack of formal representation within the wine fraternity, will add to the information packed event. Also of grave importance to the members of the wine fraternity in the Western Cape, is the lack of a formal structure representing the local wine tourism industry.During the conference, a collaboration The South African Wine Routes Association and Wines of South Africa (WOSA) will unite as one committee to address the current situation, and future, of wine industry workers.Between the South African Wine Routes Association and Wines of South Africa (WOSA) to form a committee that will address the issues of those working in the wine tourism industry will be discussed.The committee, in its capacity as an integral role player within the industry, meets quarterly to set standards and goals, by means of education and skills development, while monitoring the national and international approach to wine hospitality.The committee is run on a voluntary basis and includes some of the country’s top wine stalwarts. The committee will be run on a voluntary basis, the committee meets quarterly to set industry standards and goals, with education and skills development a high priority under the banner of promoting an integrated approach to wine hospitality.Commenting on the anticipated event, WOSA’s Andre Morgenthal said, “I am excited that wine tourism is vibrantly alive and growing from grass-roots level upwards.”According to Morgenthal it is imperative for the industry to continue with the growing demand of excellent service and the ever changing trends. “He says that in order for the industry to continue giving its customers the best service, its important to keep abreast of trends, “there has never been a time with more opportunities to turn the world on to our fantastic wine tourism experiences. But to do this, we need to be up to date with trends, exchange ideas, increase service excellence and concentrate our efforts, and this seminar should help us all to do just that.”SA wine leading all the waySouth Africa’s impressive reputation as a wine lovers’ destination has received much publicity globally.The South African wine industry continues to draw international visitors to the country as a result of the fine reputation that South African wines have built for themselves around the world.In January 2009, The Drinks Business, a specialist UK beverage publication with a global readership, rated WOSA as one of the world’s most influential beverage organisations that has contributed significantly in creating public awareness of the environment.WOSA received an impressive fifth place on the publication’s Green List, significantly ahead of other national liquor giants currently listed with the magazine.The Green List, identified 50 of the most influential drinks companies, individuals and organisations, who have played a significant role in in making caring for the environment a prioritypracticing top notch environmentally friendly business.Those mentioned on the list were lauded for their interest in and implementation of renewable energy, water saving initiatives, minimising carbon emissions and environmentally friendly packaging.South Africa’s eco-sustainable wine production standards received a special recognition as the world’s most progressive wine industry, This included focusing on such issues as renewable energy, reducing the use of water, measuring carbon emissions and addressing packaging.WOSA CEO Su Birch acknowledged South Africa’s role in promoting best-practice in sustainable wine production. She added that WOSA will continue to further advance the country’s unique positioning as a leading producer of highly varied wines. was helping to still further advance the country’s unique positioning as a producer of highly varied wines.“In the present economic climate, in which consumers are more circumspect when spending their money, they are seeking not only outstanding value, which South Africa is able to offer across all pricing segments and a wealth of styles, but also an affirmation of production integrity,” she said. South Africa’s eco-sustainable wine production standards were also recognised as the most progressive in the wine industry across the world.The first three positions on the Green List were awarded to multinational retail giants, Tesco, Carrefour and Wal-Mart respectively. For his role as a campaigner for the environment, US President Barack Obama received his spot at number four.Do you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane on: [email protected] Related articlesSA wine a presidential hit Corking carbon emissions Wine on the wild side Black, female and making great wine Useful linksWine Tourism Conference 2009Wines Of South AfricaSouth African Wine
Border-Kei Chamber of Business members, ranging from agriculturalists to automotive parts manufacturers, were given the opportunity to showcase their products atthe Business Connect conference.(Image: Shamin Chibba) South African business guru Clem Suntersaid that entrepreneurs are the way of thefuture for the South African economy.(Image: Flickr) MEDIA CONTACTS • Andrew Binning Inkanyezi Events +27 41 363 0310 or +27 82 372 9247 RELATED ARTICLES • Cape Town to be entrepreneurial hub • Eastern Cape entrepreneurs in spotlight • Online ad help for small business • SA to host 2012 business congressShamin ChibbaIf the number of small businesses in South Africa increases, the country’s economy will be saved in the future. This is according to business pundit Clem Sunter, speaking to more than 100 entrepreneurs at the Eastern Cape’s Business Connect conference in November.The Border-Kei Chamber of Business (BKCOB) hosted the conference which was held at the East London International Convention Centre between 16 and 18 November.Established 135 years ago, the BKCOB aims to promote business within the Border-Kei region. It currently supports 125 member companies that range from agriculturalists to automotive parts manufacturers.Its vision is to lobby for its members; represent them and provide them with opportunities; and provide general services such as hosting networking conferences, golf days and awards ceremonies.The conference is in its sixth year and caters for business-to-business and business-to-government undertakings.South Africa still in the premier divisionSunter took a macro view of the national economy and spoke about the effects of scenario planning, a strategy that uses game theory and allows companies to make flexible long-term plans.He compared the global economy to a football league and said that South Africa still belongs in the premier division, amongst the world’s leading economies.However, the country has a 40% chance of staying in the same league and if it does not improve or maintain its standard, it may soon be relegated and join the rest of the African continent.There are three challenges that Sunter said could send South Africa to the lower tier – South Africans have to make sure there is consistent leadership; that nationalisation of companies does not take place; and that land grabbing is prohibited.He went on to say that a culture of entrepreneurship needs to be fostered in South Africa and that the increase in the number of entrepreneurs and small businesses will help keep the country in the premier division.Sunter echoed a statement made by businessman Martin Feinstein at the Cape Town Entrepreneurship Week earlier in November – that the government should not focus exclusively on creating 5-million jobs but should instead change their strategy to help start up one-million businesses, which would in turn create jobs.Media to play a role in businessOn the second day of the conference, chief editor of regional newspaper Daily Dispatch, Brendan Boyle, addressed the role the media would play in business in the future.He said that businesses and media should collaborate to promote the Border-Kei region.According to BKCOB executive director Les Holbrook, his organisation wanted to pass on the message to Boyle that business needs to be acknowledged more by the media.“When we spoke to members [of BKCOB] many of them think that the Daily Dispatch does not care about us,” said Holbrook.Holbrook stated that the relationship between business and the media has to improve in order for business to gain more exposure and reach out to communities.Boyle also touched on the impact the internet has had on both business and media. He believed that the web is taking precedence over print and that by 2030, print would become obsolete.Future plansHolbrook said that BKCOB’s primary focus for 2012 is the role business plays in environmental issues such as climate change, global warming and energy production.A BKCOB sub-committee, the Energy Forum, is looking to collaborate with the public sector in creating eco-sustainable business practices.The Energy Forum was established as a lobbying group that addresses the generation, conversion and use of energy from traditional sources such as coal, nuclear and gas, and alternative sources such as bio-fuels and solar power in the region.The forum has drawn up an environmental charter that emphasises the need to cut down on waste, boost electricity saving by switching off lights and curb carbon emissions by taking fewer flights.Holbrook said that technology will also be a key focus for BKCOB in 2012.
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma’s term as the head of the African Union has drawn to a close. No stranger to politics, she held the position for two terms. We look at her career highlights.Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma is the first woman to head the African Union. Her term runs until the end of January 2017. (Image: African Union, Twitter)Brand South Africa reporterShe’s been a freedom fighter, a politician, a diplomat, a doctor and now her latest role as head of the African Union (AU) – the first woman to hold the position – has come to an end. As Chad’s Moussa Faki Mahamat takes the reins at the pan-African organisation, we look back at Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma’s career.On its website, the AU describes Dlamini-Zuma as “a lady of noble character; a visionary leader, with an incredible passion for the African continent, its developmental ambitions, and is a champion of the renewal of Africa”.She had shown depth and understanding about issues dealing with the African continent and had a great grasp of the dynamics of the AU, the organisation said.The strength of Africa lies in its unity and its Pan-Africanism.— Dr Dlamini Zuma (@DlaminiZuma) January 31, 2017Watch:Her early lifeDlamini-Zuma was born during apartheid, on 27 January 1949, in KwaZulu-Natal. But that did not hinder her academic ambitions. She went to the University of Zululand where she read zoology and botany. She graduated with a BSc degree and moved to the University of Natal to begin her medical degree. At the same time, she became involved in South Africa’s liberation struggle.In 1976, she became deputy president of the South African Students Organisation and went into exile. She still completed her medical degree, but at the University of Bristol in the UK.Dlamini-Zuma: the politicianAfter the first democratic elections in 1994, Dlamini-Zuma became South Africa’s minister of health in Nelson Mandela’s government.In that role, she:Successfully transformed a health system that was racially divided;Introduced anti-smoking legislation making public spaces and some private spaces such as schools, clinics, airports, hotels and offices largely smoke-free;Negotiated with pharmaceutical companies to provide generic, and often cheaper, medication to South Africa. “The successful settlement of the matter was hailed as a victory not only for South Africa, but also the poor around the world, particularly in the developing world,” reads her profile on the AU website, and;Initiated a pilot programme in which medical students and graduates participated in community service, often working in impoverished areas.From 1999 to 2009, Dlamini-Zuma was the minister of foreign affairs, during which time she actively worked towards peace, development and stability on the continent.In 2012, she was elected the chairperson of the AU, becoming the first women to hold the position.In a list http://www.trtworld.com/business/2016s-most-powerful-women-142718 of 2016’s most powerful women published by Turkey’s national public broadcaster, Dlamini-Zuma was number six.It was a list “not based on financial status, but rather skills, creativity and influence making a significant impact in various fields”, the article clarified.AU legacyWhen the AU marked its 50th anniversary in 2013, “Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want” was unveiled. Dlamini-Zuma was integral to its development.Agenda 2063 is the AU’s vision to build an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, and is viewed as a new phase in efforts by Africans to catalyse development of the continent and strengthen African integration and unity.“It is her biggest deliverable,” said the outgoing EU representative, ambassador Gary Quince. “For the first time, the AU has a blueprint and a vision.”I have no doubt that the in-coming Commission will continue to strengthen & build upon these foundations, just like the foundations we met.— Dr Dlamini Zuma (@DlaminiZuma) January 31, 2017She also focused on gender empowerment within the organisation, and for women in general.“For me and my fellow commissioners, wherever I shall be and in whatever capacity, I shall forever remain soldiers of the African cause,” she tweeted at the end of January.The new leadership of the AU comprises:Elected Leadership of the @_African Union Commission #28thAUSummit pic.twitter.com/nLOkNeQkmQ— African Union (@_AfricanUnion) February 1, 2017Source: African UnionWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Establishing shots should be subtle, not only communicating location in time and space but also setting the tone for the story about to take place.How did establishing shots develop, and what can they do for the narrative in your film? Let’s take a look.Early establishing shots in silent films were just a silhouette of a city with a name card. Orsen Wells’s Citizen Kane (1941), the source of many modern cinema conventions, added some live footage of monkeys in front of its ominous painted castle.As film evolved, each successive generation of filmmakers pushed the envelope, and a visual language emerged for situating the audience as artfully as possible in the world of the film without communicating more information than the audience can absorb.Image via Citizen Kane.A densely layered cityscape or an architectural wide shot can both be overwhelming if they appear in a straight cut — the eye doesn’t know where to look. A device emerged in the ’70s and ’80s whereby a camera could tilt up or down, slowly revealing the city or building, which changed how filmmakers could transition into these shots.This has become a trope — a helicopter flies over the water, only showing reflections as the opening credits roll, then slowly tilting up to reveal the shining lights of a city. This has become a trope for a reason. It gives our eyes time to adjust and anticipate the coming vista. It allows us to arrive in the world of the story.Some films take this to the next level by pushing into a specific building (or window) of the city, then cutting to that office. Christopher Nolan’s Dark Knight pushes in on the rooftops of Gotham, and later of Hong Kong, to find the Dark Knight himself standing guard over the city.These shots work by threading together different elements, slowly introducing us to how they are related. Brian DePalma’s Scarface (1983) has some incredibly stylish establishing shots, none more so than the one when Tony visits his mother for the first time in America. It starts on a neon pink sky, punctured by industrial towers. A shiny white Cadillac drives into the frame. The camera cranes down, revealing a small-but-well-maintained house, as the car pulls up and Tony gets out.Image via Scarface (Universal).In just ten seconds, we understand that a criminal son is visiting his poor-but-upstanding mother on the wrong side of the tracks. Each element is introduced in turn, and we make the connections as they appear. It’s an incredibly artful, stylish piece of filmmaking, even more surprising since only twenty minutes before — in the same movie — we were watching a guy being dismembered with a chainsaw.Great establishing shots not only tell us where we are, they connect the characters to the location in a way that let us consider those connections.Skyfall.Consider these two shots: one from Trading Places, the other from Skyfall. One starts a scene, the other finishes a scene. Trading Places shows us the town we are in, craning down as a car comes to a halt to reveal our characters and begin the dialogue. In Skyfall, the scene develops after a conversation between our characters and their journey — the camera cranes up as the car turns into a driveway, revealing the name of the film and the setting for the final act.Both shots reveal elements slowly, building the atmosphere in a way a straight cut couldn’t. Establishing shots work best when they’re not standalone shots but, rather, a sequence of frames linked in a single shot, releasing critical information at a pace the audience can follow.Cover image via Skyfall (Columbia Pictures).Looking for more on cinematography? Check out these articles.Is the GoPro 7 Black the Best Action Camera on the Market?6 Slow Motion Cameras You Can AffordProduction Tips: Working With a Color Checker on Your Next ShootAdd Flavor to Your Footage by Implementing Color ScienceCamera Insights: The Best A-Cam and B-Cam Video Setups